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Found 2 results

  1. A rather simple timeline on when teams played on artificial turf and how long they played their home games on those surfaces. From the original green carpet-like Astroturf to the more modern grass-like surfaces, such as Fieldturf. Most people already know the origins of the original AstroTurf and why it was created. I was rather shocked to learn that Chase Field in Arizona had switched their playing surface from grass to turf in 2019, in addition to the Marlins Park in Miami and the new stadium in Texas where the Rangers play had also adopted synthetic turf. I thought the Rays and the Blue Jays were left when it came to artificial turf in baseball. I’m only doing MLB and NFL teams. Way too many College football teams to count. If anyone wants to add college teams, CFL, or soccer, that’s fine. Correct me if there are errors. == MLB == 1966 (20 teams) NL - 1 team (Houston Astros) AL - 0 teams - The first season where the Astrodome had Astroturf (the stadium had grass in 1965) 1967 (20 teams) NL - 1 team (Houston Astros) AL - 0 teams 1968 (20 teams) NL - 1 team (Houston Astros) AL - 0 teams - The All-Star game was held at the Astrodome, making it the first such game to be played on artificial turf 1969 (24 teams) NL - 1 team (Houston Astros) AL - 1 team (Chicago White Sox, (infield only)) - The White Sox installed an Astroturf infield (called "SoxSod") at Comiskey Park but kept the outfield grass, the only MLB stadium to ever have this hybrid field. 1970 (24 teams) NL - 4 team (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates) AL - 1 team (Chicago White Sox, (infield only)) - The grass in St. Louis’ Busch Memorial Stadium (which opened in 1966) is replaced with Astroturf - Mid-season, the Cincinnati Reds moved to Riverfront Stadium - Mid-season, the Pittsburgh Pirates moved to Three Rivers Stadium - The All-Star game was held at Cincinnati’s Riverfront Stadium - A World Series game is played on artificial turf for the first time when the Reds hosted the Orioles 1971 (24 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, San Francisco Giants, Philadelphia Phillies) AL - 1 team (Chicago White Sox, (infield only)) - The Philadelphia Phillies move to Veterans Stadium. - the playing surface in San Francisco’s Candlestick Park (which opened in 1960) switched from grass to Astroturf - The Pirates hosted the Orioles in the World Series 1972 (24 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, San Francisco Giants, Philadelphia Phillies) AL - 1 team (Chicago White Sox, (infield only)) - The Reds hosted the Athletics in the World Series 1973 (24 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, San Francisco Giants, Philadelphia Phillies) AL - 2 teams (Chicago White Sox (infield only), Kansas City Royals) - The Kansas City Royals moved to Royals Stadium (now Kauffman Stadium), being the first AL team to play their home games on an all-Astroturf field. - The All-Star Game was held at Kansas City’s Royals Stadium (now Kauffman Stadium), the first time an American League park with artificial turf hosted the All-Star game. 1974 (24 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, San Francisco Giants, Philadelphia Phillies) AL - 2 teams (Chicago White Sox (infield only), Kansas City Royals) - The All-Star game was held at Pittsburgh’s Three Rivers Stadium 1975 (24 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, San Francisco Giants, Philadelphia Phillies) AL - 2 teams (Chicago White Sox (infield only), Kansas City Royals) - The Reds hosted the Red Sox in the World Series 1976 (24 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, San Francisco Giants, Philadelphia Phillies) AL - 1 team (Kansas City Royals) - The Astroturf infield in Comiskey Park is removed and replaced with grass - The All-Star game was held at Philadelphia’s Veteran Stadium - The Reds hosted the Yankees in the World Series 1977 (26 teams) NL - 7 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, San Francisco Giants, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 3 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays) - Both AL expansion teams, the Seattle Mariners and Toronto Blue Jays, play their home games on Astroturf (Kingdome & Exhibition Stadium respectively) 1978 (26 teams) NL - 7 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, San Francisco Giants, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 3 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays) 1979 (26 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 3 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays) - Candlestick Park switched back to grass - The All-Star game was played at Seattle’s Kingdom - The Pirates hosted the Orioles in the World Series 1980 (26 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 3 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays) - The first all-Astroturf World Series (Royals vs Phillies) occurs 1981 (26 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 3 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays) 1982 (26 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 4 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) - The Minnesota Twins move into the Metrodome - The All-Star Game was played at Montreal’s Olympic Stadium - The Cardinals hosted the Brewers in the World Series 1983 (26 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 4 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) - The Phillies hosted the Orioles in the World Series 1984 (26 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 4 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) 1985 (26 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 4 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) - The All-Star Game was played at Minnesota’s Metrodome - the 2nd time an all-astroturf World Series occurs (Royals vs Cardinals) 1986 (26 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 4 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) - The All-Star Game was played at Houston’s Astrodome for the 2nd and final time 1987 (26 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 4 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) - The 3rd time an all-astroturf World Series occurs (Twins vs Cardinals) 1988 (26 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 4 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) - The All-Star game was held at Cincinnati’s Riverfront Stadium for the 2nd and final time 1989 (26 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 4 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) - mid-season, the Toronto Blue Jays moved to the Skydome (now Rogers Centre), which also had Astroturf like its predecessor Exhibition Stadium. 1990 (26 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 4 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) - The Reds hosted the Athletics in the World Series 1991 (26 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 4 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) - The All-Star Game was played at Toronto’s Skydome (now Rogers Centre) - The Twins hosted the Braves in the World Series 1992 (26 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 4 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) -- The Blue Jays hosted the Braves in the World Series 1993 (28 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 4 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) - The 4th (and what would be final) time an all-Astroturf World Series occurs (Blue Jays vs Phillies). In additional, this would be final World Series to be played on the original Astroturf. 1994 (28 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 4 teams (Kansas City Royals, Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) - The All-Star game was held at Pittsburgh’s Three Rivers Stadium for the 2nd and final time 1995 (28 teams) NL - 6 teams (Houston Astros, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 3 teams (Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) - The playing surface in Royals/Kauffman Stadium changes to grass 1996 (28 teams) NL - 5 teams (Houston Astros, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 3 teams (Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) - Busch Memorial Stadium switches back to a grass playing field (the first since 1969). - The All-Star game was held at Philadelphia’s Veteran Stadium for the 2nd and final time. In addition, this would be final time a ballpark with Astroturf would host the All-Star game 1997 (28 teams) NL - 5 teams (Houston Astros, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 3 teams (Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins) 1998 (30 teams) NL - 5 teams (Houston Astros, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 4 teams (Seattle Mariners, Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins, Tampa Bay Rays) - The Tampa Bay Rays debuted and played at Tropicana Field, which unlike the other Astroturf stadiums had a all-dirt infield instead of just sliding pads/dirt cut outs. 1999 (30 teams) NL - 5 teams (Houston Astros, Cincinnati Reds, Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Montreal Expos) AL - 3 teams (Toronto Blue Jays, Minnesota Twins, Tampa Bay Rays) - Mid-Season, the Seattle Mariners move from Kingdom (turf) to Safeco Field (grass)
  2. Throughout history, some stadiums in football, baseball, and even soccer have featured both a grass field and an artificial turf field. This is NOT a debate about which is better: grass or turf (Grass is obviously better!). This is more about which stadium is more associated with a specific playing surface during a specific time period. Astrodome in Grass (and dirt infield) (1965) - This stadium is why artificial turf was created in the first place. Players were blinded by the glass roof and grass died from the lack of sunlight. Still strange to realize that the Astrodome had grass. The early Astroturf years also kept an all-dirt infield but soon switched to dirt sliding pads, a featured most associated with most baseball stadiums that had Astroturf, with Toronto's Roger Centre (formerly Skydome) being the last holdover before switching to an all-dirt infield. Nowadays, Several modern indoor/retractable roof stadiums, such as the University of Arizona Stadium where the NFL's Cardinals play, can now grow grass. Candlestick Park in Astroturf (1971-1978) – This stadium with Astroturf always looked weird as well as washed out. Imagine if this was kept by time Joe Montana and Jerry Rice were on the 49ers. Can't find a photo of 49ers during this era but found a YouTube clip of a Vikings @ 49ers from the 70s. Comiskey Park with an Astroturf infield (1969-1975) - Can anyone else think of a stadium that featured a grass outfield combined with an Astroturf infield or vise versa. Even more weird was that a stadium that was around prior to the 1960s would do something like this. Astroturf is more associated with the Cookie Cutter stadiums from the 1960s thru the 1990s. Angels @ White Sox from 1974 Veterans Stadium in Nexturf (2001-2003). Astroturf was becoming obsolete in the 2000s as newer and more grass-life artificial surfaces, such as Fieldturf, were now available. Nexturf was another option, but unlike Fieldturf it never caught on due to how difficult the playing surface was. A 2001 preseason game between the Eagles and Ravens was actually cancelled because the Ravens refused to play on the turf. I associated this stadium more with the original green carpet. Giants Stadium in grass (2000-2002) - Most of this stadium’s history was played on an artificial surface, from Astroturf from 1976-1999 to Fieldturf from 2003 to it’s last season. Still strange that this stadium once had grass despite fielding a Super Bowl appearing team (2000 Giants) and a memorable MNF game (Monday Night Miracle between Jets and Dolphins). 2000 NY Giants NFL Films Dolphins @ Jets from 2000 Foxboro Stadium in Astroturf (1971-1990). This stadium had more seasons in Astroturf than grass, but I’m more used to seeing this stadium with grass. Didn’t help that the Patriots were mostly awful during this period (hard to forget since the team’s dominance since 2001) 1985 Patriots NFL Films Soldier Field in Astroturf (1971-1987) – So weird to see the Bears play home games on Astroturf. Too young to actually remember the 85 Bears as I was in diapers. If it weren’t for the famed columns, it would almost pass as a different stadium. Walter Payton highlights Tropicana Field in Astroturf (1998-2000) – This stadium has had Fieldturf for so long that it’s easy to forget that this stadium had the original green carpet as a playing surface. Riverfront Stadium/Cinergy Field in grass (2000-2002) – The final years of this ballpark (as the Great American Ballpark was being built) were played on grass but the 70s Big Red Machine teams and the 1990 Reds team that won the WS had to play on Astroturf. Paul Brown Stadium in grass (2000-2003) – More used to this stadium with Fieldturf and that the Bengals played on Astroturf at Riverfront Stadium beforehand. Orange Bowl in Polyturf (1970-1975) – So weird that the undefeated 1972 Miami Dolphins played their home games on artificial turf. I always had assumed that the Dolphins always played their home games on grass. 1972 Dolphins NFL films M&T Bank Stadium in Artificial Turf (Sportexe Momentum Turf) (2003-2015) – More used to the Ravens playing their home games on grass. Toss-ups Arrowhead Stadium - Unlike the Bears, 49ers, Dolphins, & Patriots, I'm old enough to remember when the Chiefs still played on Astroturf but switch to grass in 1994 (possibility to protect an aging Joe Montana, who still something left in the tank). But the Chiefs have played on grass for so long now it easy to forget that they played home games on artificial turf. Royals/Kauffman Stadium - With the recent renovations and grass playing field since 1995, this stadium has aged quiet well despite the teams often playing poorly (except for the Pennant-winning teams of 2014 & 2015, with the latter winning it all). But for older Royal fans, this stadium may be more associated with the playoff teams of the 70s and 80s led by George Brett on an Astroturf surface. Busch Memorial Stadium - This stadium original had grass but switched to Astroturf in the 70s and switched back to grass in 1996. The Cardinals appeared in 3 World Series in the 1980s (winning it all in 1982). This stadium may had been the only Cookie Cutter stadium that aged better during its final years when the team was managed by Tony LaRussa and fielded winning teams.